Fall Prevention

Fall Prevention

How Home Health Care Prevents Falls

We help to address a range of fall hazards at home, including:

 

  • Musculoskeletal issues – Issues with your muscles, joints, nerves, discs, blood vessels and other parts of your musculoskeletal system

  • Visual disturbances – Examples include cataracts, glaucoma and vision loss

  • Functional and cognitive impairments – Examples include memory loss, loss of a limb, or difficulty walking, seeing, hearing or problem-solving

  • Chronic conditions – Persistent illnesses such as Parkinson’s disease, diabetes and dementia that can affect your balance

  • Medications – Sleep aids, certain blood pressure medications and others that may put you off balance

  • Home safety – Removing fall hazards like clutter, throw rugs and long electrical cords

Fall Prevention Goals

 

We aim to help you:

• Understand your fall risk

• Learn healthy self-care

• Improve your quality of life

• Avoid preventable falls

• Remain safely in your home, with as much independence as possible

• Reduce expensive hospitalizations

 

As many as two-thirds of falls can be prevented through evidence-based fall-reduction interventions. Have you?

 

  • • Fallen in the past year

  • • Felt unsteady when standing or walking

  • • Worry about falling

  • • Falls include tripping or slipping as well as falling back into a chair or onto a bed when trying to get up.

 

What Could Happen If You Fall? 

 

Falls are the number one cause of death and injuries among older adults ages 65 and over. The long-term consequences can be life-altering.

 

Falls can lead to hospitalizations and disability. One out of five falls causes a head injury or broken bone. Hip fractures affect over 300,000 older adults each year. It’s also common to break the thigh, pelvis, spine, arm, leg, hand and ankle bones after an elderly fall.

 

Fall injuries can make it hard to stay active and live on your own. If you’re over 75 and you fall, you’re four times more likely to be admitted to a skilled nursing facility. Even if you’re able to stay home, falls can hurt your quality of life. •

 

Fear of falling may stop you from leaving the house and staying social and mobile.When you move less, it gets harder to do daily activities like bathing, cooking and shopping. Isolation and inactivity increase your risk for depression and anxiety. All these changes can make you more likely to fall.

 

Common Risk Factors for Falls Outside, or extrinsic, risk factors for elderly falls include:

 

  • Poor lighting, trip hazards or other dangers in your home

  • Lack of exercise, which can reduce your strength, balance and coordination

  • Lack of stair handrails or poor stair design • Lack of grab bars in your bathroom

  • Inadequate lighting

  • Slippery or uneven surfaces

  • Psychoactive medications, or medications that make you dizzy or drowsy

  • Improper use of assistive devices like a cane or walker

  • Poor footwear such as high heels or backless shoes

Internal, or intrinsic, risk factors for elderly falls include:

 

  • Getting older

  • Previous falls

  • Muscle weakness

  • Problems with balance and the way you walk

  • Poor vision or hearing

  • Blood pressure that drops when you get up from sitting or lying down (called postural hypotension)

  • Low vitamin D levels

  • Foot pain

  • Medical conditions like heart failure, COPD, stroke, diabetes, Parkinson’s and dementia

  • Fear of falling

 

The more risk factors you have, the greater your risk of falling. We can help minimize your fall risk with home health care services like occupational therapy and physical therapy. 
 Less than HALF of older adults who fall talk to their doctors about it.

 

When to Talk to Your Doctor

 

Be sure to tell your doctor if you:

 

  • Have fallen in the past year, which increases your risk of falling again, even if you didn’t get hurt

  • Use a cane or walker to get around safely

  • Feel unsteady when walking or standing

  • Need to push up with your hands to stand from a chair

  • Steady yourself by holding on to furniture when walking at home

  • Take medicine that makes you feel lightheaded, dizzy or tired

Protect Yourself From Fall Injuries REBUILD YOUR CONFIDENCE. 
 PRESERVE YOUR INDEPENDENCE.

Physiotherapy